asp.net core 3.1 自定义中间件实现jwt token认证

时间:2020-08-01 21:32:30   收藏:0   阅读:31

话不多讲,也不知道咋讲!直接上代码

认证信息承载对象【user】

/// <summary>
/// 认证用户信息
/// </summary>
public class DyUser
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 用户ID
    /// </summary>
    public int UserId { get; set; }
    /// <summary>
    /// 所属商户ID
    /// </summary>
    public int? TenantId { get; set; }
}

Jwt配置对象

public class AuthOptions
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Jwt认证Key
    /// </summary>
    public string Security { get; set; }
    /// <summary>
    /// 过期时间【天】
    /// </summary>
    public int Expiration { get; set; }
}

JWT管理接口

public interface IAuthManage
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 生成JwtToken
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="user">用户信息</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    string GenerateJwtToken(DyUser user);
}

JWT管理接口实现

暂时是使用微软提供类库生成,如果有想法可以自己生成

public class MicrosoftJwtAuthManage : IAuthManage
{
    private readonly AuthOptions _authOptions;
    public MicrosoftJwtAuth(AuthOptions authOptions)
    {
        _authOptions = authOptions;
    }

    public string GenerateJwtToken(DyUser user)
    {
        var tokenHandler = new JwtSecurityTokenHandler();
        var key = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(_authOptions.Security);
        var tokenDescriptor = new SecurityTokenDescriptor
        {
            Subject = new ClaimsIdentity(new Claim[]
            {
                new Claim("user",user.ToJson())
            }),
            Expires = DateTime.UtcNow.AddDays(_authOptions.Expiration),//一周过期
            SigningCredentials = new SigningCredentials(new SymmetricSecurityKey(key), SecurityAlgorithms.HmacSha256Signature)
        };
        var token = tokenHandler.CreateToken(tokenDescriptor);
        return tokenHandler.WriteToken(token);
    }
}

处理JWT中间件

这里借鉴国外大牛的代码,主要就是验证jwt并且存把解析出来的数据存放到当前上下文

public class JwtMiddleware
{
    private readonly RequestDelegate _next;
    private readonly AuthOptions _authOptions;

    public JwtMiddleware(RequestDelegate next, AuthOptions authOptions)
    {
        _next = next;
        _authOptions = authOptions;
    }

    public async Task Invoke(HttpContext context)
    {
        //获取上传token,可自定义扩展
        var token = context.Request.Headers["Authorization"].FirstOrDefault()?.Split(" ").Last()
                    ?? context.Request.Headers["X-Token"].FirstOrDefault()
                    ?? context.Request.Query["Token"].FirstOrDefault()
                    ?? context.Request.Cookies["Token"];

        if (token != null)
            AttachUserToContext(context, token);

        await _next(context);
    }

    private void AttachUserToContext(HttpContext context, string token)
    {
        try
        {
            var tokenHandler = new JwtSecurityTokenHandler();
            var key = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(_authOptions.Security);
            tokenHandler.ValidateToken(token, new TokenValidationParameters
            {
                ValidateIssuerSigningKey = true,
                IssuerSigningKey = new SymmetricSecurityKey(key),
                ValidateIssuer = false,
                ValidateAudience = false,
                // set clockskew to zero so tokens expire exactly at token expiration time (instead of 5 minutes later)
                ClockSkew = TimeSpan.Zero
            }, out SecurityToken validatedToken);

            var jwtToken = (JwtSecurityToken)validatedToken;
            var user = jwtToken.Claims.First(x => x.Type == "user").Value.ToJsonEntity<DyUser>();

            //写入认证信息,方便业务类使用
            var claimsIdentity = new ClaimsIdentity(new Claim[] { new Claim("user", jwtToken.Claims.First(x => x.Type == "user").Value) });
            Thread.CurrentPrincipal = new ClaimsPrincipal(claimsIdentity);

            // attach user to context on successful jwt validation
            context.Items["User"] = user;
        }
        catch
        {
            // do nothing if jwt validation fails
            // user is not attached to context so request won‘t have access to secure routes
            throw;
        }
    }
}

权限过滤器

这个根据刚才中间件的存放的信息判断是否授权成功,支持匿名特性

public class ApiAuthorizeAttribute : Attribute, IAuthorizationFilter
{
    public void OnAuthorization(AuthorizationFilterContext context)
    {
        var user = context.HttpContext.Items["User"];
        //验证是否需要授权和授权信息
        if (HasAllowAnonymous(context) == false && user == null)
        {
            // not logged in
            context.Result = new JsonResult(new {message = "Unauthorized"})
                {StatusCode = StatusCodes.Status401Unauthorized};
        }
    }

    private static bool HasAllowAnonymous(AuthorizationFilterContext context)
    {
        var filters = context.Filters;
        if (filters.OfType<IAllowAnonymousFilter>().Any())
        {
            return true;
        }

        // When doing endpoint routing, MVC does not add AllowAnonymousFilters for AllowAnonymousAttributes that
        // were discovered on controllers and actions. To maintain compat with 2.x,
        // we‘ll check for the presence of IAllowAnonymous in endpoint metadata.
        var endpoint = context.HttpContext.GetEndpoint();
        return endpoint?.Metadata?.GetMetadata<IAllowAnonymous>() != null;
    }
}

扩展IServiceCollection

方便以后管理和维护,主要就是把需要的对象注入到IOC容器里面

public static class AuthServiceExtensions
{
    public static void AddAuth(this IServiceCollection services, Action<AuthOptions> configAction)
    {
        var options = new AuthOptions();
        configAction(options);
        services.AddSingleton(options);
        services.AddSingleton<IAuthManage>(new MicrosoftJwtAuthManage(options));
    }
}

NullDySession

这里是为了在非控制器类获取用户信息用

/// <summary>
/// 当前会话对象
/// </summary>
public class NullDySession
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 获取DySession实例
    /// </summary>
    public static NullDySession Instance { get; } = new NullDySession();
    /// <summary>
    /// 获取当前用户信息
    /// </summary>
    public DyUser DyUser
    {
        get
        {
            var claimsPrincipal = Thread.CurrentPrincipal as ClaimsPrincipal;

            var claimsIdentity = claimsPrincipal?.Identity as ClaimsIdentity;

            var userClaim = claimsIdentity?.Claims.FirstOrDefault(c => c.Type == "user");
            if (userClaim == null || string.IsNullOrEmpty(userClaim.Value))
            {
                return null;
            }

            return userClaim.Value.ToJsonEntity<DyUser>();
        }
    }

    private NullDySession()
    {
    }
}

到这为止准备工作完成,开始用起来吧~

修改【Startup.cs->ConfigureServices】

//添加全局权限认证过滤器
services.AddControllersWithViews(options =>
{
	options.Filters.Add<ApiAuthorizeAttribute>();
})
//添加认证配置信息
services.AddAuth(options =>
{
	options.Expiration = 7;//天为单位
	options.Security = apolloConfig.Get("JwtSecret");
});

添加中间件【Startup.cs->Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IWebHostEnvironment env)方法中】

注意中间件的位置

//启用jwt认证中间件
app.UseMiddleware<JwtMiddleware>();

api使用案例【使用构造注入IAuthManage】

//生成了JwtToken
var newToken = _authManage.CreateJwtToken(para.Sn);

//Controller里面获取用户信息
public DyUser DyUser => (DyUser)this.HttpContext.Items["User"];

//普通class类获取用户信息【如果不是Web应用,需要独立引用Dymg.Core】
NullDySession.Instance.DyUser.UserId;

//如果个别不接口不需要认证,可以使用AllowAnonymous特性
[HttpPost, AllowAnonymous]
public string Noauth()
{
	return "这个不需要授权";
}

前端调用案例

//token放在请求头里面
Authorization:Bearer eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJ1c2VyIjoie1wiVXNlcklkXCI6MTIzNDU2ODcsXCJUZW5hbnRJZFwiOjY1NDMyMSxcIlN0YXRpb25JZFwiOm51bGwsXCJTbWFydEJveFNuXCI6bnVsbH0iLCJuYmYiOjE1OTU5MDAxMzYsImV4cCI6MTU5NjUwNDkzNiwiaWF0IjoxNTk1OTAwMTM2fQ.lkEunspinGeQK9sFoQs2WLpNticqOR4xv_18CQdOE_Y
//自定义key
x-token:eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJ1c2VyIjoie1wiVXNlcklkXCI6MTIzNDU2ODcsXCJUZW5hbnRJZFwiOjY1NDMyMSxcIlN0YXRpb25JZFwiOm51bGwsXCJTbWFydEJveFNuXCI6bnVsbH0iLCJuYmYiOjE1OTU5MDAxMzYsImV4cCI6MTU5NjUwNDkzNiwiaWF0IjoxNTk1OTAwMTM2fQ.lkEunspinGeQK9sFoQs2WLpNticqOR4xv_18CQdOE_Y

//使用连接字符串方式
https://xxxxx/user/getUser?token=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJ1c2VyIjoie1wiVXNlcklkXCI6MTIzNDU2ODcsXCJUZW5hbnRJZFwiOjY1NDMyMSxcIlN0YXRpb25JZFwiOm51bGwsXCJTbWFydEJveFNuXCI6bnVsbH0iLCJuYmYiOjE1OTU5MDAxMzYsImV4cCI6MTU5NjUwNDkzNiwiaWF0IjoxNTk1OTAwMTM2fQ.lkEunspinGeQK9sFoQs2WLpNticqOR4xv_18CQdOE_Y
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