SpringCloud入门(九): Zuul 上传&回退&异常处理&跨域

时间:2020-04-07 00:27:31   收藏:0   阅读:47

Zuul的上传

1、构建一个上传类

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;

import java.io.*;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/file")
public class FileUploadController {

    @PostMapping(value = "/upload", consumes = "multipart/form-data")
    public Object upload(@RequestParam("file") MultipartFile file) throws IOException {
        File temp = new File("D:/" + file.getOriginalFilename());
        if(!temp.getParentFile().exists()){
            temp.getParentFile().mkdir();
        }
        try {
            file.transferTo(temp); //保存文件
            return Boolean.TRUE;
        } catch (IllegalStateException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return Boolean.FALSE;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return Boolean.FALSE;
        }
    }
}

2、配置属性文件

zuul默认文件上传的时候,会走Spring DispatcherServlet,这个时候会对文件大小进行判断,默认为10M;如果要传大文件需要对文件大小进行设置。

zuul.ignored-services=*
zuul.routes.use-routing.serviceId=ms-provider-order
zuul.routes.use-routing.path=/order-service/**
zuul.routes.use-routing.sensitiveHeaders=

spring.servlet.multipart.max-file-size=4000MB
spring.servlet.multipart.max-request-size=4000MB

通过/zuul来访问,可以绕过DispatcherServlet转为zuulServlet,在上传大文件的时候不需要设置文件大小,但是需要设置hystrix和ribbon的超时时间。

zuul.ignored-services=*
zuul.routes.use-routing.serviceId=ms-provider-order
zuul.routes.use-routing.path=/order-service/**
zuul.routes.use-routing.sensitiveHeaders=

hystrix.command.default.execution.isolation.thread.timeoutInMilliseconds=600000
ribbon.ConnectTimeout=100000
ribbon.ReadTimeout=100000

3、通过PostMan测试

技术图片

zuul的回退

1、自定义一个回退类

import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.zuul.filters.route.FallbackProvider;
import org.springframework.http.HttpHeaders;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.http.client.ClientHttpResponse;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

public class CustomZuulFallBack implements FallbackProvider {
    @Override
    public String getRoute() {
        return "*"; //*表示为所有微服务提供回退
        //return "ms-provider-order"  //指定某个微服务回退
    }

    @Override
    public ClientHttpResponse fallbackResponse(String route, Throwable cause) {
        return new ClientHttpResponse() {
            @Override
            public HttpStatus getStatusCode() throws IOException {
                return HttpStatus.OK;
            }

            @Override
            public int getRawStatusCode() throws IOException {
                return HttpStatus.OK.value();
            }

            @Override
            public String getStatusText() throws IOException {
                return HttpStatus.OK.getReasonPhrase();
            }

            @Override
            public void close() {

            }

            @Override
            public InputStream getBody() throws IOException {
                return new ByteArrayInputStream("后端服务不可用".getBytes());
            }

            @Override
            public HttpHeaders getHeaders() {
                HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
                //和body中的内容编码一致,否则容易乱码
                headers.setContentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_UTF8);
                return headers;
            }
        };
    }
}

zuul的回退只支持宕机回退(服务挂了)和超时回退(服务请求超时)两种;

如果服务自己抛出的异常(404,500等),zuul的回退监控不到;原因就在于RibbonRoutingFilter的拦截器,在拦截器run中的forward方法,只争对了HystrixRuntimeException的拦截,500等异常会直接由SpringBoot的BasicErrorController接管抛出到页面;

protected ClientHttpResponse forward(RibbonCommandContext context) throws Exception {
    Map<String, Object> info = this.helper.debug(context.getMethod(),
            context.getUri(), context.getHeaders(), context.getParams(),
            context.getRequestEntity());

    RibbonCommand command = this.ribbonCommandFactory.create(context);
    try {
        ClientHttpResponse response = command.execute();
        this.helper.appendDebug(info, response.getRawStatusCode(), response.getHeaders());
        return response;
    }
    catch (HystrixRuntimeException ex) {
        return handleException(info, ex);
    }
}

zuul的全局异常处理

1、自定义一个异常处理类

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.netflix.zuul.context.RequestContext;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.zuul.filters.post.SendErrorFilter;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.util.ReflectionUtils;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

@Component
public class CustomErrorFilter extends SendErrorFilter {

    @Override
    public Object run() {
        try {
            RequestContext ctx = RequestContext.getCurrentContext();
            ExceptionHolder exception = findZuulException(ctx.getThrowable());
            //HttpServletRequest request = ctx.getRequest();

            HttpServletResponse response = ctx.getResponse();
            response.setContentType("text/html; charset=UTF-8");
            response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");

            Map<String,Object> errorMap = new HashMap<>();
            errorMap.put("code","203");
            errorMap.put("errMsg",exception.getThrowable().getCause().getMessage());

            response.getWriter().write(JSON.toJSONString(errorMap));
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
            ReflectionUtils.rethrowRuntimeException(ex);
        }
        return null;
    }
}

2、禁用系统自带的异常处理类

zuul.SendErrorFilter.error.disable=true

zuul的跨域问题

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.cors.CorsConfiguration;
import org.springframework.web.cors.UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource;
import org.springframework.web.filter.CorsFilter;

@Configuration
public class CorsConfig {

    @Bean
    public CorsFilter corsFilter() {

        final UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource source = new UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource();
        final CorsConfiguration config = new CorsConfiguration();
        config.setAllowCredentials(true); // 允许cookies跨域
        config.addAllowedOrigin("*");// #允许向该服务器提交请求的URI,*表示全部允许,在SpringMVC中,如果设成*,会自动转成当前请求头中的Origin
        config.addAllowedHeader("*");// #允许访问的头信息,*表示全部
        config.setMaxAge(18000L);// 预检请求的缓存时间(秒),即在这个时间段里,对于相同的跨域请求不会再预检了
        config.addAllowedMethod("*");// 允许提交请求的方法,*表示全部允许
        source.registerCorsConfiguration("/**", config);
        return new CorsFilter(source);
    }
}

 

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